Quick Answer: What Are The Four Levels Of Intellectual Disability?

What is the most common level of intellectual disability?

Intellectual Disability (ID) (formerly called mental retardation) is the most common developmental disability–nearly 6.5 million people in the United States have some level of ID.

(more than 545,000 are ages 6-21)..

What are the three levels of intellectual disability?

Classifications of SeverityMild to Moderate Intellectual Disability. The majority of people with ID are classified as having mild intellectual disabilities. … Severe Intellectual Disability. … Profound Intellectual Disability.

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

What are the different types of intellectual disability?

Types of intellectual disabilitiesFragile X syndrome. Fragile X syndrome is the most common known cause of an inherited intellectual disability worldwide. … Down syndrome. … Developmental delay. … Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) … Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

Is mental retardation a genetic disorder?

Mental retardation is caused by a number of different factors. Among genetic disorders, Fragile X syndrome and Down syndrome are the commonest causes of mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an inherited form of mental retardation. FXS is estimated to affect 1 in 2,500 males and 1 in 8,000 females.

Does mental retardation get worse with age?

What mental changes occur, as adults with mental- retardation grow older? Like the general population after age 50, people with mental retardation, who do not have Down syndrome, experience a gradual decline in overall intellectual capacity, a decrease in their speed of recall, and slower general cognitive functioning.

What is the difference between intellectual and developmental disability?

“Developmental Disabilities” is an umbrella term that includes intellectual disability but also includes other disabilities that are apparent during childhood. … Intellectual disability encompasses the “cognitive” part of this definition, that is, a disability that is broadly related to thought processes.

Can mental retardation be cured?

A small study of 30 people with the most common inherited form of mental retardation has found encouraging evidence that some symptoms of the disorder can be alleviated with drugs.

What is borderline intellectual disability?

Borderline intellectual functioning, also called borderline mental retardation (in the ICD-8), is a categorization of intelligence wherein a person has below average cognitive ability (generally an IQ of 70–85), but the deficit is not as severe as intellectual disability (below 70).

Is Autism considered an intellectual disability?

About 1% of the general population is thought to have intellectual disability, and about 10% of individuals with intellectual disability have Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or autistic traits. However, a much higher percentage of individuals with ASD have intellectual disability3.

Is a learning disability an intellectual disability?

In the U.S. these terms have very different meanings. An intellectual disability describes below-average IQ and a lack of skills needed for daily living. … A learning disability refers to weaknesses in certain academic skills. Reading, writing and math are the main ones.

What is considered a mild intellectual disability?

Of those affected, 85% have mild intellectual disability. This means they are just a little slower than average to learn new information or skills. With the right support, most will be able to live independently as adults.

Can you overcome intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability is not a disease and cannot be cured, however early diagnosis and ongoing interventions can improve adaptive functioning throughout one’s childhood and into adulthood. With ongoing support and interventions, children with intellectual disability can learn to do many things.

Is anxiety an intellectual disability?

Some mental health, neurodevelopmental, medical and physical conditions frequently co-occur in individuals with intellectual disability, including cerebral palsy, epilepsy, ADHD, autism spectrum disorder and depression and anxiety disorders.

How does intellectual disability affect a person?

Intellectual disability (or ID) is a term used when a person has certain limitations in cognitive functioning and skills, including communication, social and self-care skills. These limitations can cause a child to develop and learn more slowly or differently than a typically developing child.

How do you identify an intellectual disability?

Intellectual functioning, or IQ, is usually measured by a test called an IQ test. The average score is 100. People scoring below 70 to 75 are thought to have an intellectual disability. To measure adaptive behavior, professionals look at what a child can do in comparison to other children of his or her age.